Lully, Jean-Baptiste

(1632-1687)
   composer
   Born in Florence, Italy, Giovanni Battista Lulli, or Jean-Baptiste Lully, as he is known, came to France at age 14 and, in 1652, entered the service of King louis XIV as a violinist and dancer. He later conducted one of the royal orchestras ("bande des petits violons") and, in 1662, became music master to the royal family. Ambitious and a shrewd courtier and businessman, he retained throughout his life the king's favor and dominated French music of the period. He composed ballets, including Ballet de l'amour malade (1657) and Alcidiane (1658) for the court, often dancing alongside the king in many of them. Lully collaborated with molière on a series of comedy ballets. In 1672, he intrigued to obtain for himself the directorship of the Académie Royale de Musique, a position that gave him the monopoly over opera productions in France. He modeled his operas, known as "tragédies-lyriques," on the classical tragedy of his contemporaries pierre corneille and jean racine. They are stately, solemn compositions that emphasize clarity of text and the inflections of the French language. Their elaborate dance spectacles and grand choruses are based on the "ballets de cour," the courtly dance pageants staged at Versailles. They stand in contrast to the Italian opera of the period, which emphasized virtuoso solo pieces. Lully's court operas include Cadmus et Hermione (1673), Alceste (1674), Thésée (1675), Atys (1676), Psyché et Ballérophon (1678-79), Phaéton (1683), Roland (1685), and Armide (1686). Amassing a huge fortune, Lully ended his career by becoming adviser and secretary to the king.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lully, Jean-Baptiste — • Article profiles the composer s secular and religious contributions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lully, Jean-Baptiste — orig. Giovanni Battista Lulli born Nov. 28, 1632, Florence died March 22, 1687, Paris, France Italian born French composer. He was made a ward of the court after his mother died and was sent to a noble French household at age 13 as valet. There… …   Universalium

  • Lully,Jean Baptiste — Lul·ly (lo͞o lēʹ, lŭ ), Jean Baptiste. 1632 1687. Italian born French composer. He was court composer to Louis XIV, founding the national French opera and producing court ballets for Molière s plays. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lully, Jean-Baptiste — orig. Giovanni Battista Lulli (28 nov. 1632, Florencia–22 mar. 1687, París, Francia). Compositor francés de origen italiano. A los 13 años, tras la muerte de su madre, quedó bajo tutela y fue enviado como criado a una residenciade nobles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lully, Jean-Baptiste — (29 November 1632, Florence – 22 March 1687, Paris)    Renowned for fusing Italian opera techniques with French choral traditions to produce the tragédie lyrique for the royal court of Louis XIV, his 12 grands motets also exploited homo phonic… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Lully, Jean-Baptiste — Lulli, Gian Battista …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Jean Baptiste Lully — (ursprünglich Giovanni Battista Lulli; * 28. November 1632 in Florenz; † 22. März 1687 in Paris) war ein Komponist italienischer Herkunft, der den größten Teil seines Lebens für den Hof Ludwigs XIV. arbeitete. Er wurde 1661 französischer Bürger.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Lulli — Jean Baptiste Lully « Lully » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Lully (homonymie). Jean Baptiste Lully Giovanni Battista Lulli …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-baptiste lully — « Lully » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Lully (homonymie). Jean Baptiste Lully Giovanni Battista Lulli …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Baptiste Lully — « Lully » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Lully (homonymie). Jean Baptiste Lully Giovanni Battista Lulli …   Wikipédia en Français

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